Chronic kidney disease (end-stage renal/kidney disease, ESRD), Stage 5, GFR LT 15
|Dx:||Chronic kidney disease (end-stage renal/kidney disease, ESRD), Stage 5, GFR LT 15|
|Pre-ICD10 counterpart:||Renal Insufficiency-moderate (Cr greater than 240), CRF - Chronic Renal Failure|
|Charlson/ALERT Scale:||Renal disease|
|APACHE Como Component:||Renal|
|APACHE Acute Component:||2019-0: Metabolic/Renal NOS, 2019-0: Renal/Metabolic NOS|
|External ICD10 Documentation|
This diagnosis is a part of ICD10 collection.
- This stage is defined by having chronic renal insufficiency/disease with:
- being on chronic dialysis (of any type) (this is the most common case)
- GFR<15 mL/min
- It requires age, sex, race (black vs. white) and creatinine:
- Unless you know otherwise, use "white" race as default
- Use the most recent, stable, PRE-HOSPITAL creatinine value available
- When no creatinine clearance is listed, but the patient is a known dialysis patient then code Chronic kidney disease (end-stage renal/kidney disease, ESRD), Stage 5, GFR LT 15
- For all other CKD patients, i.e. those in whom we cannot easily identify the Stage, we’ll use Chronic kidney/renal disease, NOS (stage unspecified).
ESRD vs Acute Renal Failure
- UNLESS the patient has had a renal transplant and the transplanted kidney was functioning (and thus can experience acute renal failure)
About "Acute on Chronic renal failure"
- Our definition for CRF includes two things, as above. If you are on dialysis then it is technically not possible to also have acute renal failure. And while our threshold of creatinine clearance < 15 ml/min USUALLY gets people on dialysis, that's not always the case. In other words, there are some people who don't need to start dialysis until their clearance is <10 or even 8 ml/min. THOSE people who by our definition have Stage 5 CKD cannot have ARF but rather this is considered a progression of their underlying disease. Instead of coding ARF, code the reason for dialysis ie. Fluid overload, Hyperkalemia, severe or symptomatic etc combined with Chronic kidney disease (end-stage renal/kidney disease, ESRD), Stage 5, GFR LT 15
- And of course, if you previously had Stage 5, were on dialysis, then got a successful renal transplant, then you CAN get acute renal failure in your graft.
Admission for missed dialysis
- For patients who missed their dialysis tx and are admitted to ICU for urgent HD, code the following way:
- Chronic kidney disease (end-stage renal/kidney disease, ESRD), Stage 5, GFR LT 15 in comorbs.
- Medical noncompliance in admit codes.
- Any other diagnosis that resulted in the ICU admission, in admit codes. Ex. Hyperkalemia, CHF, etc.
- HD (Hemodialysis) from CCI picklist, as an acquired procedure if done while on your unit.
Kidney Transplant Coding Guidelines
For general coding information in the context of kidney transplants see Kidney Transplant Coding Guidelines. This includes how to code patients before, during and after their transplant admission.
Alternate ICD10s to consider coding instead or in addition
|Renal failure codes:|
Candidate Combined ICD10 codes
- Code the cause, if known.
Related CCI Codes
- HD (Hemodialysis) if done while on your unit.
Data Integrity Checks (automatic list)
|Can't check ICD10 ARF vs APACHE ARF||CCMDB.accdb||declined|
|Query check ICD10 only 1 stage of renal failure||CCMDB.accdb||implemented|
|Query check ICD10 ESRD vs ARF||CCMDB.accdb||not feasible|
|Query check ApARF CRF||CCMDB.accdb||retired|
|Check CRF vs ARF across multiple encounters||Centralized data front end.accdb||declined|
|Query check ICD10 ESRD vs AP ARF||not entered||retired|