Shock, septic

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ICD10 Diagnosis
Dx: Shock, septic
ICD10 code: R57.2
Pre-ICD10 counterpart: Septic Shock
Charlson/ALERT Scale: none
APACHE Como Component: none
APACHE Acute Component: Sepsis
External ICD10 Documentation
This diagnosis is a part of ICD10 collection.

Additional Info

  • As of January 2019, we are still using the SEPSIS-2 approach to diagnosis. Sometime in 2019 we expect to switch over to the SEPSIS-3 definition. SEPSIS-2 delineates 3 subtypes of sepsis:
  • Note that an individual during a single episode of illness can evolve over time from a less advanced to a more advanced subtype of sepsis --- and as this occurs, make sure to code the more advanced subtypes as they occur
    • e.g. admitted on Monday with Severe sepsis which is coded, but by Tuesday has progressed to Shock, septic which should then be added to the codes, in this case as an Acquired Diagnosis.
    • however, as a person improves there is NO NEED to "downcode" their sepsis

Identifying the organism responsible

  • Until Jan 2019, the rule was that you only identify the responsible organism if it was present in blood culture. THIS RULE HAS CHANGED AS OF 1/1/2019 -- because in fact the majority of even septic shock cases never grow anything from the blood and most derive from localized infections (pneumonia, UTI, etc)
  • The rule now is that you make all efforts to identify the specific organism, even if the blood cultures never grow anything
  • At the same time, however, if the person IS bacteremic, then you must ALSO code the Bacteremia -- see that article for information on whether or not to link the bacteremia code to others.
Example:   
  • e.g. Patient has severe sepsis with the acute organ failure being acute renal failure due to ATN --- and it's felt to be due to a pseudomonas pneumonia. So in this case the pseudomonas is the bug that should be combined with the severe sepsis (and with with the pneumonia, of course)
    • e.g. Patient with septic shock has an E.coli UTI and a pseudomonas pneumonia. The team is not certain which of those two bacteria is causing the septic shock, but of course is treating them both. In this case the bug is known to be a bacterium, but not clear which, so the bug to combine with the Septic shock is Bacteria, NOS

Coding of the sepsis diagnoses

  • Usually we say that related diagnoses should be combined with the same priority.
  • But for a technical reason having to do with how we combine diagnoses, this is NOT the case for the 3 sepsis diagnoses
    • DO combine it with the bug, and if the bug is resistant with the bug resistance code
    • But do NOT combine it with the infection thought to be the cause of the sepsis --- e.g. if it's believed that the pneumonia is the cause of the sepsis, code them both but do NOT combine them

Criteria for SIRS

  • SIRS is defined as 2 or more of the following things:
    • Fever of more than 38°C (100.4°F) or less than 36°C (96.8°F)
    • Heart rate of more than 90 beats per minute
    • Respiratory rate of more than 20 breaths per minute or arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO 2) of less than 32 mm Hg
    • Abnormal white blood cell count (>12,000/µL or <4,000/µL or >10% immature [band] forms)

Criteria for the SHOCK in Septic Shock

  • Persisting hypotension requiring vasopressors to maintain MAP>65mmHg AND serum lactate>2 mmol/L -- both despite adequate volume resuscitation.
  • The CAUSE is proven infection OR presumed infection -- thus positive cultures are not required.
Example:   
if someone has another obvious cause of shock (e.g. massive hemorrhage) and also has infection, that does not mean it is combined hemorrhagic and septic shock. Basically, septic shock should not be called if there is another obvious cause for shock.
  • Also recognize that not all vasodilatory (aka distributive) shock is due to infection. When it is due to infection then use THIS code, when it's not due to infection, then use one of the other appropriate codes, such as: Anaphylactic reaction (anaphylaxis), or Shock, NOS
background about 2016 sepsis consensus   
  • Even though as of November 2017 ICD-10 has not yet been modified to reflect it, we are using the 2016 consensus definition of sepsis and septic shock (JAMA 315(8):801-10, 2016). These new definitions completely do away with talking about the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS).

Alternate ICD10s to consider coding instead or in addition

shock codes:
  • Bacteremia AND Fungemia, NOS -- these are laboratory manifestations, and while it's OK to code them if present, if you do so you should also code the clinical manifestation (such as sepsis, etc).

Candidate Combined ICD10 codes

  • Also code the causative infection.

Related CCI Codes

Data Integrity Checks (SMW)

 AppStatus
Check Inf Pathogens must have Infection requiring pathogen or Potential InfectionCCMDB.accdbimplemented
Query check ICD10 Inf Infection req Pathogen must have oneCCMDB.accdbimplemented
Query s tmp QASeptic tmp no dxCCMDB.accdbimplemented
Query s tmp QASeptic Dx no tmp ICD10CCMDB.accdbimplemented

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